8 Niccolò Machiavelli, envoy to Cesare Borgia.

There had been some grounds of dispute between the Florentines and France, Louis XII complaining that he had not received proper assistance from the city during the Neapolitan campaign. However the problem was solved with an agreement signed on April 12, 1502, with the King promising to send troops for the defense of Florence if necessary. Florence was warring about Cesare Borgia expansionistic ideas, but Louis had no intention to let Cesare Borgia occupy Florence and in the event controlling a large part of central Italy from the Adriatic to the Tyrrhenian sea—an eventual barrier for France on the road to Naples.. After Cesare Borgia conquered Urbino at the end of June, Louis intervened and obliged him to halt further operations. Thus it became necessary for Cesare to enter into negotiations with Florence. It was during these historical events that the conspiracy against Cesare Borgia by his captains matured. The fear that Cesare's projects had aroused in Florence led the conspirators to hope that the Florentines would espouse their cause, and appealed to Florence for assistance. But once the conspiracy had become known, both Pope Alexander VI and his son Cesare Borgia had also asked the Florentines to send an envoy. The Republic decided that Machiavelli be the ambassador to Cesare, with whom he remained until the end of January 1503.